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タイトル: Microbiology Education for Visually Impaired Students - Topics of Staphylococcal Infection -
著者: Ichiman, Yoshitoshi
キーワード: Capsule
Electron microscopy
Microbial morphology
Microbiology education
Slime
Staphylococcal infection
Tactile graphics
Visually impaired student
発行日: Mar-2013
出版者: The Committee for Promotion of Academic and Social Contribution, National University Corporation Tsukuba University of Technology
誌名: NTUT Education of Disabilities
巻: 11
開始ページ: 23
終了ページ: 31
抄録: We determined the morphological and immunological properties of encapsulated strains of Staphylococcus isolated from clinical specimens. Capsular polysaccharide antigens extracted from cell surface fractions induced resistance in mice against challenge with the homologous Staphylococcus strain. Hyperimmune rabbit serum prepared using these strains passively protected mice against challenge with only the homologous strain. The protective activity was absorbed with homologous capsular polysaccharide, but not with heterologous organisms, and the nature of the antibody was that of IgM. The capsular vaccine prepared by us was successful in preventing staphylococcal infections. In addition, because of the immunoglobulin treatment, mice were protected from infection with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains. We detected encapsulation in these strains by electron microscopy although no capsules were detected by light microscopy with negative staining. Understanding microbiology is often very challenging for visually impaired students, and there have not been significant improvements in the teaching aids used for educational purposes. However, the morphology of staphylococci can be identified using tactile graphics. Microbiology education is important for visually impaired students who aspire to become medical professionals.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10460/1166
出現コレクション:Vol.11

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